What is the melting and boiling point of chlorine?
Chlorine is a halogen in group VII A of the periodic table with atomic number 17, an atomic weight of 35.45, and a density of 1.56 Mg/m3. In the solid state it forms a tretragonal crystal with a melting point of -101 C and a boiling point of -34.7 C.
What is the melting point of chlorine?
|Liquid-Gas Volume Relationship||The weight of one volume of liquid chlorine equals the weight of 456.5 volumes of chlorine gas.|
|Melting Point (Freezing Point)||The temperature at which solid chlorine melts or liquid chlorine solidifies||-149.76°F (-100.98°C)|
What is the temperature of chlorine?
Temperature can be measured in degrees Celsius, degrees Fahrenheit, or Kelvin. The freezing point of chlorine is -150.7 degrees Fahrenheit. This is equivalent to 171.65 K or -101.5 degrees Celsius. The boiling point of chlorine is –29.27 degrees Fahrenheit.
What is the melting point of chlorine in Celsius?
Thus, the melting and boiling points of chlorine are intermediate between those of fluorine and bromine: chlorine melts at −101.0 °C and boils at −34.0 °C.
What are 5 uses of chlorine?
Uses & Benefits
- Water. Chlorine chemistry helps keep drinking water and swimming pools safe. …
- Household Disinfectant. …
- Food. …
- Healthcare. …
- Energy and Environment. …
- Advanced Technology. …
- Building and Construction. …
- Defense and Law Enforcement.
What are 3 uses for chlorine?
Chlorine is commonly used as an antiseptic and is used to make drinking water safe and to treat swimming pools. Large amounts of chlorine are used in many industrial processes, such as in the production of paper products, plastics, dyes, textiles, medicines, antiseptics, insecticides, solvents and paints.
Is chlorine a base or acid?
When chlorine (in any form) is added to water, a weak acid called Hypochlorous acid is produced. It is this acid, not the chlorine, which gives water its ability to oxidize and disinfect. Proper chlorination and filtration give pool water its clear, sparkling appearance. Chlorine exists as a solid, a liquid and a gas.
Is chlorine a natural element?
Chlorine is in group 17 of periodic table, also called the halogens, and is not found as the element in nature – only as a compound. The most common of these being salt, or sodium chloride, and the potassium compounds sylvite (or potassium chloride) and carnallite (potassium magnesium chloride hexahydrate).
Why is chlorine in period 3?
Across the period, the valence electrons for each atom are in the 3-level. They are screened by the same inner electrons. The only difference is the number of protons in the nucleus. From sodium to chlorine, the number of protons steadily increases and so attracts the bonding pair more closely.
Where can chlorine be found?
Chlorine can be found in abundance in both the Earth’s crust and in ocean water. In the ocean, chlorine is found as part of the compound sodium chloride (NaCl), also known as table salt. In the Earth’s crust, the most common minerals containing chlorine include halite (NaCl), carnallite, and sylvite (KCl).
What is the symbol of chlorine?
What happens to chlorine when heated?
Temperature also has an effect on chlorine, as some bacteria and organisms grow better in warmer environments. When temperatures increase, it uses up free chlorine more quickly, potentially turning your pool into a swamp.
Is chlorine shiny or dull?
Trend in Physical Properties of Period 3 Elements
|Name of Element (Symbol)||Sodium (Na)||Chlorine (Cl)|
|Description of Element (25°C, 100 kPa)||shiny-grey “metallic” solid||greenish-yellow gas|
How do you determine the highest melting point?
In general, the greater the charge, the greater the electrostatic attraction, the stronger the ionic bond, the higher the melting point. The table below compares the melting point and ion charges for two ionic compounds, sodium chloride (NaCl) and magnesium oxide (MgO).
Is chlorine a good conductor of electricity?
Chlorine is a non-metal substance and hence it is a bad conductor of heat and electricity. Since the ions or electrons in a non-metal are bonded with covalent bonds therefore, their electron does not have a tendency to move in the outer nucleus. Therefore, it cannot work as a conductor.